A Second Article
About Cisco in Galveston County
Daily News, 8/3/2007
This is Joe Doggett's article published in Houston Chronicle newspaper.
Features Jim Ince with a brief interview with me at the end. On line
version posted February 8, 2006 is below the scan, posted first. One of the best falconry articles that I have
seen published, even given a couple of minor technical errors, which
are inevitable in this kind of writing. Also, I believe that it was
Randy Kocurek that said "(I) hope to one day fly a peregrine," though
it was attributed to me.
Feb. 8, 2006, 10:04PM
Forming a bond with a bird of prey helps the fascinated take wing
Tapping an ancient thrill
By JOE DOGGETT
Copyright 2006 Houston Chronicle
Speed kills. It's an axiom that falconers have acknowledged since the
Middle Ages. And, of the hunting hawks, none can equal the flat-out
velocity of the peregrine falcon. It is regarded as the fastest
significant animal on the planet. Buzzing insects don't count.
But only recently was the top-end performance of a diving peregrine
"We used to think 180, maybe 200, but the recorded dive was 240 miles
per hour," said master falconer Jim Ince of Houston. "Ken Franklin, a
falconer in California, clocked it electronically in a study supported
by National Geographic.
"A few other falcons might have the capability but they don't hunt the
way the peregrine does; it evolved with the perfect shape for speed.
The wing feathers are hard and flat, and the toes are long and thin for
raking a bird from the air."
The peregrine is the most widespread of the raptors. It feeds
exclusively on birds and it reaches a great pitch, or height, when
hunting. The exceptional altitude, as much as several thousand feet for
a big female, provides the momentum for the vapor trail of the stooping
peregrine. The dive on game was likened by the ancients to "an arrow
driven from heaven."
"Other big falcons like gyrfalcons and prairie falcons feed on small
mammals as well as birds," Ince said. "Because they're ground feeders,
they're not as specialized and they don't fly as high. They have
shorter, thicker feet for grabbing rabbits."
The long toes and talons of the peregrine are distinctive; John James
Audubon identified the peregrine as the "big-footed falcon."
The bird has speed to burn but, more than that, it has class. The
splendid carriage and quiet demeanor made it the favorite of medieval
royalty as the falconry teachings of the Middle East and Far East
followed the Crusades back to Europe. Other falcons fell short and
lesser "pot hawks" such as accipiters and buteos ranked far below.
Peregrines are intelligent yet easily "manned" to accept proximity to
people. Regardless of raptor, manning is perhaps the most amazing
aspect of falconry. The predator flies free, yet, through trust,
returns time and again from the wild. There is something significant,
almost magical, about that bond.
Ince was drawn, even obsessed, from the start.
"I first got into falconry in junior high during the early '60s," he
said. "I knew that's what I wanted to do and I've stayed with it ever
"As luck would have it, the '60s were the low ebb for birds of prey.
Pesticides and lack of regulations put a big drain on hawks —
peregrines, especially. But now is a great time for raptors of all
The Peregrine Fund breeding program at Cornell University offered a big
leap forward, Ince said.
"Dr. Tom Cade headed it; he was known as the 'Father of the Peregrine.'
They used breeding chambers and released something like 10,000
peregrines between the mid-1970s and the late 1990s," Ince said.
Separately, aplomado falcons have been reintroduced in Texas. Long-time
falconer Granger Hunt of the Chihuahuan Desert Research Institute
assembled the program in the state.
Ince's bird, Gaucho, is a male peregrine — a tiercel, or what William
Shakespeare called a "tassel gentle." The tiercel, or tassel, is
so-named because the male is approximately one-third the size of the
"I've had Gaucho seven years," Ince said. "We've taken small ducks like
teal and scaup, plus snipe, dove, and quail during the falconry season.
"He's a good, strong flier, but the tiercels usually don't have as high
a pitch as the falcons (females are referred to as falcons). He weighs
about 19 ounces; that's his normal weight. Some falconers like to take
them down about 10 percent, but I like the normal weight."
Ince also likes one hawk at a time. His master status allows three, but
even one is a major commitment.
Daily one-hour workouts during the hunting season, October through
February, are what Ince is after.
"Weather doesn't matter," he said. "Wild hawks fly regardless. Heavy
fog is the only thing I'll avoid; if you can't see the bird and it
can't see you, it's easy to lose."
Fine metal bells attached to a hawk's wrists are the traditional
trappings for monitoring flight, but modern falconers often use radio
A thin, inoffensive antenna is temporarily fixed on the leg, and a good
rig might cost $600 or $800.
But the bottom line of falconry remains the same in the electronic age:
If the hawk wants to go, it's gone.
No amount of modern technology or ancient cajoling can a recover a bird
that gets the wind in its sails and "rakes away."
The loss can be catastrophic after the hundreds of hours devoted to
manning and maintaining.
Falconry is not for everyone. It demands uncommon dedication, far more
than most casual observers are willing to invest. State and federal
permits are required to possess hawks, and stiff regulations are
implemented to discouraged the uncommitted.
"We issue only about eight or nine new falconry permits per year," said
Jennifer Blecha, wildlife permit specialist for the Texas Parks and
Wildlife Department. "There are probably between 100 and 150 practicing
falconers in the state. Most are in the major urban areas — Dallas,
Houston, San Antonio, and Austin."
The Texas Hawking Association, founded in 1970, has approximately 250
members; the North American Falconers Association, founded in 1962, has
approximately 2,500. Not all are practicing falconers.
California leads all states with approximately 800 falconers.
"When I started, there were no regulations," Ince said. "It's good that
the formal training requirements are in place; for example, the
beginner qualifying for a permit must have a sponsor and trap his own
"This weeds out what we call the credit-card falconers. You've got to
be passionate about it or it won't work."
Passing the torch
Ince regularly mentors beginners. One of his charges is Chuck Redding
"I've been fascinated with hawks since I was a kid in Illinois,"
Redding said. "I met Ince in '02 but wasn't ready to make the
commitment. Then he agreed to sponsor me and I got the beginner's
permit in the fall of '04.
"For the first two years as a beginner, you're allowed to keep a
kestrel (sparrow hawk) or a buteo like a red-tailed hawk; I've had a
passage (young) redtail, Cisco, for about four months and he's a great
"I think I could have flown him free in two weeks. He hits the brush
hard and in the last 12 trips he's taken eight cottontail rabbits. I'm
absolutely committed to falconry; I plan on staying with it and hope to
one day fly a peregrine."
The sentiments are those of the rare few who look to the sky and stare
in wonder at the thin scream of a living arrow.
In a world cluttered by cheap thrills and quick fixes, it is rare to
see — much less share — perfection.
And that is the ancient and secret thrill of falconry.
Joe Doggett covers outdoors for the Chronicle. firstname.lastname@example.org.